Iceland · Uncategorized

Ice, Ice Baby – Ice Caves, Icebergs and Glacier Hiking in Iceland

Hiking Skaftafell Glacier

This was our Day #3 activity and was located along the Ring Road in southeastern Iceland, about 2.5 hours east of Vik.  This was hands-down my favorite activity that we did during our trip.  My sister thought it was a little too hard as it was about a 4 hour hike total and also required some more strenuous climbing.  We went with Iceland Adventures Tours and you meet them at the main visitor center in the National Park.  After they gear you up with safety harnesses, crampons, helmets and ice picks, you hop on a shuttle bus and they drive you to the bottom of one of the glacier tongues that you will hike up.

Start of the hike at the bottom of the glacier

We hiked up over the glacier moraine until we reached the ice.  As glaciers push forward, they act as a bulldozer, pushing dirt and rock in front of them (the moraine) so we climbed up that big pile of dirt and then put on our steel crampons when we reached the ice.  I have never worn crampons before and these were heavy duty suckers that you strapped into and they really worked.  There is no slippage on the ice while wearing these and they have big, sharp steel teeth on them.  They weren’t uncomfortable but they do add weight to your legs/feet.

After we climbed over the dirt moraine, we made it to the ice and put on our steel crampons

We walked across the glacier and looked at several crevasses and holes along the way.  Some of them were 30 to 40 feet deep.  If you’re wondering how cold it was, it really wasn’t cold at all.  I didn’t need gloves and the helmet was sufficient.  I wore lined leggings, a t-shirt and lined waterproof jacket but nothing very heavy.  I had a scarf but didn’t  need it at all.  The important thing is having solid waterproof hiking boots that come up over your ankles for stability.  My sister wore jeans and a lightweight jacket and she was fine.

Small crevasses and blue holes all over the place
One group walking down as we headed up – we started our hike at that lake below
Looking up – yes, we have to climb up and over all this using a series of ropes

We then reached the point that required us to climb up the ice, using a series of ropes and steps that had been cut into the ice.  We clipped in for safety here using our harnesses.  This is the part that my sister really hated as she doesn’t like heights and it was more strenuous. I was having a great time!

In my safety harness and with our ice picks – I was loving this adventure!

But, I won’t lie, it was physically challenging.  Once you got up over this big ice fall, you reached a more smooth area of ice.  From there you can look up and see the main ice flow coming down the mountain.  We got very lucky because right when we got there, the clouds parted and the sun came out so we got a great view of the glacier.  It was incredible!

The toughest and steepest part of the climb required us to clip in using safety harnesses – my sister did not enjoy this but I thought it was fun
One person at a time on each rope section for safety
My sister going up – she was not very happy with me for booking this activity
The last and longest rope section of the climb

We got some great views of blue ice from this vantage point as well.  We could also walk around and in some places we were able to taste glacier water straight from a stream and relax and enjoy the view.

Once you reach the top of the climb, the glacier smoothed out a bit and you could get a look at the main ice flow coming down the mountain
We got so lucky as the cloud parted and sun came out and we got a clear view of the glacier – it was incredible!


Look at all that blue ice – we sometime heard it cracking which sounded like thunder


Even my sister was impressed with the view

After spending a good 30 minutes or so at this point, we walked back down the glacier, taking an easier way down.  It took about 3 hours up and 1 hour down.  I felt the climb was worth it and the views of the glacier, the fresh air and overall experience were better than I expected.

After a rest and lots of pictures, we took an easier path back down the glacier
Small ice cave and streams – we stopped and tasted the glacial water and it was crisp and delicious
My sister on the ice – she was very ready to get back down at this point
Bring a reusable water bottle to fill with fresh glacial water


Jokusarlon Glacial Lagoon and Diamond Beach

After we finished our glacier hike, we decided to drive an extra 40 minutes further down the Ring Road to visit the most well known glacial lagoon where icebergs break off the glacier and float out to sea.  Unfortunately, it started raining as soon as we pulled into the parking lot and it was SO cold and windy here so we didn’t stay long.  Just took a few pictures of the beautiful blue bergs in the bay.  If you have more time, you can take boat tours of the lagoon to get closer to the icebergs.  We also swung by Diamond Beach where some of the smaller icebergs wash up on a black sand beach but they have been polished smooth and shiny by the ocean so they look like diamonds.  How many “diamonds” will be there varies depending on the wind and ocean currents.  We were unlucky and there were very few ice chunks on the beach but we found one decent one for a photo op.

Ice bergs in the lagoon


Diamond ice on Diamond beach – not too many pieces this day


Katla Ice Caves

On our last day, we did a short morning tour of some ice caves on a nearby glacier.  This was only a 20 minute drive from Vik and is a much, much smaller glacier than Skaftafell.  Our small tour group took a “super jeep” that off-roaded right to the base of the glacier.  We wore some much smaller and less weighty crampons for this hike than our glacier hike and this was much, much easier and shorter.  Overall, the ice caves were interesting but I didn’t find them all that impressive.  There are ice caves near the Skaftafell glacier that are larger and feature more “blue ice” than these, though.

Entrance to the ice cave

We walked into the ice cave and as this is at the front of the glacier, all that “bulldozed” dirt and rock is there as well.  The inside of the cave is really dark and muddy and you mostly see the beautiful blue ice on the ceiling of the ice caves and some of the upper walls.  I loved the pattern of colors in the ice.

This arch is losing its stability so you’re not allowed to walk directly under it anymore but you can get close and take photos
View looking out from ice cave
So amazingly smooth and you can see all the layers of ice and dirt (and ash) that gets trapped in it
My sister entering the cave

They give you handheld flashlights/torches for the short trip through the cave that requires you to duck in a few places and cross a few bridges here and there.  Not much to see in the interior of the cave as it’s mostly dark and muddy with ash and dirt.

Really dark and black sand muddy inside

Nearing the exit of the cave, you start to see some light and some blue ice ahead.  You then enter a vestibule area with a lovely blue domed roof of ice.  It then lets you out into a large amphitheater-like area on the interior of the glacier.

Nearing the exit of the cave on the other side
Blue domed roof of the ice cave
Glassy smooth roof of the ice cave’s exit


Looking back to the cave’s exit – lots of water dripping everywhere
Looking back on the cave exit

To complete the hike, you simply walk back through cave to where you started. We went with Arctic Adventures Tour Group that met us in Vik and drove us back there afterwards.  Our guide, Willi,  was very sweet and the overall tour took about 2.5 hours.  I would put the activity level of the ice cave tour at easy whereas the glacier hike was more moderate to strenuous.  Personally, I loved the glacier hike experience and the views at Skaftafell were incredible.  The ice caves were interesting and if you have plenty of time, are worth the look-see but I wouldn’t consider them a must-do while in Iceland.  Also, there is an “easy” glacier hike at Skaftafell that you can do which doesn’t require as much climbing.  I think it’s more like a glacier walk but I preferred the activity and adventure of our “moderate” hike.

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